Glycolic Acid - The Secret to Youthful and Beautiful Skin

Glycolic Acid - The Secret to Youthful and Beautiful Skin

Glycolic acid is one of the most popular and effective ingredients used in cosmetology. This natural chemical compound from the alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA) group is famous for its exfoliating, rejuvenating, and smoothing properties.

Properties of Glycolic Acid:

  • Exfoliation of Dead Skin Cells: Glycolic acid stimulates the process of cellular renewal by removing dead skin cells, revealing smoother, more radiant skin.
  • Reduction of Wrinkles: It stimulates the production of collagen and elastin, leading to the reduction of wrinkles and fine lines.
  • Evening Skin Tone: Brightens discoloration, freckles, and acne scars, evening out the skin tone.
  • Acne Treatment: It acts as an antibacterial agent and regulates sebum production, which helps in fighting acne and blackheads.
  • Improvement of Hydration: Glycolic acid binds water in the skin, ensuring optimal hydration.

Uses of Glycolic Acid:

Glycolic acid is used in various cosmetic products, such as:

  • Creams
  • Toners
  • Serums
  • Peels
  • Masks

Glycolic acid can also be used in the form of professional skincare treatments in cosmetic clinics.

Advantages of Using Glycolic Acid:

  • Effectiveness and versatility in action
  • Safety for most skin types
  • Fast and visible results
  • Possibility of home use

Contraindications to Using Glycolic Acid:

  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding
  • Active skin infections
  • Allergies to AHA acids
  • Open wounds and cuts

Glycolic acid is an extremely valuable ingredient in skincare. When used regularly, it can significantly improve its appearance and condition.

Remember to perform an allergy test before starting to use glycolic acid. In case of doubts, consult a cosmetologist, Dr. Ivana Stanković.

Glycolic acid, as the simplest representative of alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA), is gaining popularity as an ingredient in skincare products. Thanks to its unique properties, such as deep skin penetration and effective exfoliation.

What is Glycolic Acid?

Glycolic acid (C2H4O3) is an organic chemical compound that is characterized by excellent solubility in water. It is a colorless, odorless, hygroscopic solid, obtained mainly from chloroacetic acid. Its global production reaches several thousand tons annually, and thanks to the synthetic method and the possibility of isolation from natural sources, such as sugar cane or beets, glycolic acid finds wide application in the cosmetic industry.

Why is Glycolic Acid Effective?

The key to the effectiveness of glycolic acid in skincare is its ability to penetrate the upper layers of the epidermis. It reacts with the lipid-binding properties, which facilitates the exfoliation of the stratum corneum and reveals healthier, more vibrant skin. This process not only improves the texture and appearance of the skin but also contributes to reducing wrinkles, acne, and hyperkeratosis.

Tips for Using Glycolic Acid:

  • Start with Lower Concentrations: If your skin is not used to glycolic acid, start with products with a lower concentration, gradually increasing the amount.
  • Use Sun Protection: Glycolic acid can make the skin more sensitive to the sun. Always apply a high SPF sunscreen while using products with this ingredient.
  • Moisturize the Skin: To ensure maximum benefits and minimize the risk of irritation, moisturize the skin after each application of glycolic acid-containing products. Moisturizing products will help maintain the appropriate level of hydration and support the regeneration process.
  • Monitor Skin Reaction: Although glycolic acid is generally safe for most skin types, always observe how your skin reacts to the new product. In case of redness, itching, or other unwanted reactions, reduce the frequency of use or consult a dermatologist.